Idea Exchange | Even if I get 70%…I can take CUET… this entire focus on high scores will go away: UGC chairman M Jagadesh Kumar


Sourav Roy Barman: A person important criticism towards the Common College Entrance Take a look at (CUET) for central universities is that you are building board exams irrelevant in a state wherever so a lot awareness is specified to it… You say the CUET draws from the exact same syllabus. That argument was also provided in the scenario of JEE but we have viewed how the coaching marketplace has mushroomed.
Initial of all, we want to see what is the reason of schooling. Is it to get large scores of 99 per cent or is it to become a properly-rounded human being and a excellent learner? For far too prolonged, we have unnecessarily pushed our little ones to achieve significant scores rather than stimulate them to be very good learners. If the scholar receives admission in a prime college of his or her alternative, what would he/she like to be? The student has to go on to be a fantastic learner. And if you want to be a excellent learner in your university, you have to have been a superior learner even in your university. So, if I neglect my board examinations, just for the reason that I have to concentration on my entrance evaluation, then that is heading to defeat the extremely goal of my whole schooling. As mothers and fathers and educators, it is extremely crucial for us to emphasise that your major goal is to be very good learners, to grow to be a effectively-rounded human getting. Your target is not scoring higher percentages. I assume we require to generate this into the minds of each dad and mom and students.

Why would Class XII board examinations turn into redundant? The universities will nonetheless use these marks as a qualifying mark for admission. For example, some universities may well established this benchmark at 60% of Course XII outcomes. Some universities may perhaps set 70% as the qualifying mark or to be eligible to utilize for admission in a university. So, once you have crossed 65 or 70%, whichever be the threshold set by the college, you never have to be pressured to get 98%. Even if you get 70%, if that is the qualifying mark, then your true admission will depend on the CUET score. The Course XII education and learning will not turn into redundant.

Will it guide to a large coaching industry coaching our learners for CUET? Look at the IIT, for case in point. The whole IIT system has about 16,000 seats and practically a million learners contend for them. But if you look at the 45 central universities — just take, for example, Delhi College by itself — it has 70,000 seats. And if you seem at all the central universities, there will be a pair of lakhs of seats in the undergraduate programmes. And the exact same a single million students are competing for these seats. So, it’s a sort of 1:5 as compared to 1:50 or 1:60 form of competitors. Thus, my perception is that CUET won’t gasoline any coaching marketplace.

Ritika Chopra: How and why was the decision taken to not accord any weightage to the board marks?
The five pillars on which the NEP is crafted are obtain, fairness, top quality, affordability and accountability. For us, obtain and fairness to large-top quality education and learning is of key value. If you seem at pupils from rural backgrounds or remote places, they really do not have accessibility to large-top quality public education and learning. I arrive from a village and I know the ecosystem there has a great deal of disturbance and the college students may perhaps not be able to concentrate on their research. As a result, they may possibly not get 98 or 99%. But they are seriously talented people. With the introduction of CUET, devoid of the minimize-throat competitors to get 98-99%, we are offering a degree-actively playing floor for college students who arrive from distinctive economic backgrounds and are geographically distributed throughout the nation.

The other reason is that we have found non-uniformity in awarding marks for the Course XII throughout boards. For students of some boards, wherever evaluation is really hard, even finding 80 for each cent is hard, though in other individuals, it is simple to get even 95 for each cent. So, this variety leads to a ton of inconvenience to learners and is not a level-participating in floor.

P Vaidyanathan Iyer: Numerous state boards never necessarily follow the NCERT syllabus. How tough will it be for them to get CUET? Will it direct to an IIT kind of process in which learners in rural places, learning for board examinations, will now have to consider coaching for NCERT?
The NCERT syllabus is broadly accepted across the state. We’re aware that there are some differences concerning the condition syllabus and the NCERT. Now, I’m certain when our specialists established the dilemma papers, some of these concerns will be taken into account. These exams are not heading to be like the IIT examinations, which are meant to be among the the toughest in the earth. I’m certain our authorities will reasonable the difficulty amount. And the issues will be confined to the Class XII NCERT syllabus by yourself, not some sophisticated variation. So, irrespective of whether you are coming from a rural or urban history, it ought to not make much change.

Some folks have also reported, little ones from rural history are not a lot acquainted with a laptop-centered check. I come from a village and I interact with kids there. They are extremely wise. People who are declaring that they are unable to use pcs, do not have the floor fact in the villages. In a computer-based check, all you have to have to use is the mouse. On the screen, you decide on from the a number of-selection inquiries, function out the options on a piece of paper and pick out using a mouse. That’s going to be an quick endeavor. The CUET will be carried out in 13 languages: English and 12 Indian languages. So, if a pupil has studied in the local language or in their mother tongue, they can decide to create this examination in their mom tongue. NTA (National Testing Company) will get distinctive measures to assure that examination centres are obtainable to the students. Our goal is to see that a substantial selection of students, who are not automatically from the urban places but from rural places, take the CUET take a look at.

Sourav Roy Barman: The increased training sector is also grappling with other significant problems: vacant training posts, swelling enrollment and much too several great schools and universities. How are you likely to tackle these?
A single of the answers suggested in the NEP is the introduction of digital technology in increased education and learning. If you keep on to construct physical campuses, at this charge, we will not be in a position to fulfill the requirements of the tens of millions of college students who will be coming into higher education. So, what the UGC has done is to concentrate on giving on-line training to the college students who could not sign up for a physical college. There are two points that we are carrying out — 1 is the institution of a digital university. We are also amending the recent on line restrictions.

Sourav Roy Barman: What accurately is a digital university? As a pupil, can I utilize for a electronic college? Will it have a identify? Can I pursue undergraduate or postgraduate degrees from that electronic university?
It’s available on the portal. This portal will offer you with info on all forms of undergraduate programmes that are out there. You will have complex industry experts who will resource the very best of the classes that are available from educational institutes in just the place and also from abroad. The IITs and the very best central universities, which are likely to supply some of these courses, will be the spokes of this electronic college. The edtech organizations will give the technological guidance for conducting the on the web assessments for giving the students details on profession enhancement, profession advancement, and also bringing the companies facial area to face with the college students so that a matchmaking comes about. Our goal is that in the future 6 to 8 months, we need to have a finish picture of this electronic university. And our aim is that by the academic session of 2023, the digital university really should be in spot to offer the courses.

Aakash Joshi: Throughout the pandemic, there was a big boom in on line learning. But campus life plays a substantial job, much too. Is electronic the only way you see that upcoming becoming resolved? Or is there heading to be a legitimate outdated-fashioned infrastructure growth as perfectly?
One is the social facet. You are declaring that if I never go to a bodily college, I miss out on out on assembly my own friends and producing networking. That is genuine.

But think about the other facet. I appear from a village. At the age of 10, I remaining my household to go to a nearby town to are living away with my moms and dads and research. From there, I went to a metropolis. I stayed absent from my moms and dads for extended. Now imagine if I didn’t have to go out of my village, and if I could access this on the web education, I would have stayed with my mom and dad. Socially, I would have bonded a lot extra with my own position, with my have men and women. As a result, it’s a problem of, from which aspect you see, is it fifty percent comprehensive, or half vacant?

The other element is that the concentrate will be additional on online training, to the extent that we will neglect actual physical training. Make sure you don’t forget that on the net schooling simply cannot be given in all disciplines. In numerous disciplines, you will need a lab, you require serious experiential understanding. I’m sure if I do an online MBBS degree, you will not appear to me, correct? So, there are heading to be a good deal of other disciplines for which we will need to go on to create the actual physical infrastructure. But even there, electronic technological innovation will enjoy a considerably much larger job. Bodily universities will continue on to be built. But there are rising spots like info science, knowledge analytics, money management, and fintech. These are areas in which a significant quantity of employment are heading to be produced. And if you do not have physical infrastructure to educate our aspirational youth, and if you are simply just waiting around for several years for them to be constructed, what will materialize to their upcoming? This is wherever digital technological innovation, the electronic university will engage in a main function.

Vandita Mishra: In the movie, The Kashmir Data files, the motion is set in a college which is a thinly veiled caricature of JNU. In the film, it is the place for very villainous, anti-countrywide lecturers and students. You have been the Vice-Chancellor of JNU, and you are also now heading the UGC. Does it worry you that a leading university ought to be demonised like that?
Did anybody from JNU object to this? Did everyone who might have thought that people figures are actually symbolizing me, item? I have not witnessed any person objecting to that. So allow us leave it there. You’re indicating that this movie targets JNU, but in JNU itself, these men and women who are seemingly represented in this movie have no dilemma with that. Permit men and women enjoy it and then make feeling of no matter what they want to make of it.

Unni Rajen Shanker: A classroom in Delhi College can get 100 learners for one issue but they are compelled to choose 300, often 350. CUET doesn’t address that…
The competitors for admission in some of the finest higher educational establishments will go on to be there. Globally, don’t we see individuals aspiring to get admission into some of the very well-acknowledged universities? But with the introduction of CUET, even if I get, let us say, only 70%, I really do not have to believe that it is the end of my lifestyle, my job. I nevertheless have an possibility to attempt CUET and look at out if I can get admission. So, this whole concentrate on obtaining only significant scores will now go absent.

Raj Kamal Jha: On the lookout back to your days as V-C, what was your mastering from JNU?
At JNU, we practice our students to issue the position quo, which is extremely critical. If we can generate that form of openness in the classroom, and in the educational institute, learners will turn out to be fearless in asking concerns and it will direct to creativity and innovation. One particular of the unfortunate factors in Indian modern society is that we appear at failures with repugnance. But what we need to have to emphasise in our classroom is that failing is a pure phenomenon and that each individual failure can really be used as a lesson to improve your self even more.

And this is what happens in JNU. We do not glimpse at failures as a little something bad. In truth, as opposed to in several other universities, we have a procedure regarded as the zero semester method. If a university student feels they do not want to research the future semester mainly because they have a well being issue or some thing else, in any other college, potentially, he will be out of the procedure.

But in JNU, we have designed a facility for the pupils to consider off and occur again to examine. In JNU, the schooling is extremely inexpensive the tuition charge in JNU is just `300 for every annum and this has enabled a lot of college students from economically weaker sections to review at JNU. By the time they pass out of JNU, they are a wholly remodeled bunch. Only the sort of ecosystem that JNU has can develop this transformation.

Ritika Chopra: For the duration of your time as JNU V-C, a person of the fiercest student protests was above the actuality that you were attempting to elevate hostel expenses. Pupils felt you were striving to transform the really character of JNU. How would you respond to that?
I feel there was some misunderstanding. It was not raising the hostel charges, it was about spending the institution prices this sort of as electricity and drinking water costs. So, you only shell out for what you take in. There was an expanding electricity invoice stress on the university. But having said that, we also gave significant concessions to the learners from lessen-economic backgrounds. By charging only evenly to the reserved-class college students and weaker sections, and by charging the normal students who are anyway finding scholarship, our calculation was that we could offset some of the expenditure and use that spend for enhancing our lab services, our exploration amenities. But eventually, we withdrew people and then continued with regardless of what the present expenses were being.

Sukrita Baruah: You have released FYUP (4-yr undergraduate programme)…Is there something in the works about supplying extra means to institutes to be in a position to accommodate all these students?
Infrastructure will go on to be a challenge and we can’t produce it overnight. Can we also seem at the probability of the best possible utilisation of our current means? I feel successfully employing our present infrastructure also requirements to be looked into, even though we repeatedly attempt to broaden the infrastructure. Growth and introduction of new programmes will stretch the existing abilities of the universities. But that is how we need to have to go forward. You cannot hold out right up until all the properties appear up and begin only then, that will be also late.

Harikishan Sharma: The unemployment fee across the cities in the place is about 23% for the youth, in the age group of 18 to 29 a long time. Does this pose a problem to you, how do you aspect this in your designs?
If you ask professionals, what are the key problems that human societies are facing right now, they will identify 3. One particular is increasing inequality. The other is the failing economic devices. And the third just one is deteriorating atmosphere. So, the increase in unemployment, maybe, is a fallout of the failing financial systems. And growing inequality is another major situation. So, as an educator, my challenge will be how to allow my learners to acquire correct competencies, so that they match the needs of the job sector, which is developing.

Shashank Bhargava: You reported CUET will be set in a way that the issue degree is reasonable. But is there a fear this will also guide to higher lower-offs dependent on people CUET scores?
This is a a number of-choice-query-dependent examination and it will also have unfavorable marking. There will be a certain weightage for correct marks and particular weightage for completely wrong answers and so on. Therefore, we expect that there will be enough granularity in order to distinguish students…these are all difficulties we internally talk about and will introduce steps to defeat any issues that could pop up.

Sourav Roy Barman: What was your most challenging time at JNU and your most important achievement?
My challenge was to make confident that the exploration amenities are expanded in the college. When I joined, there was no R&D cell in the university, we established a single. Lots of individuals do not comprehend the importance of integrating social sciences with mainstream science and technological innovation education and learning. Our University of Engineering is one of a kind in the whole country, in which our engineering students also have the option to do a master’s degree in social sciences, languages, humanities, and in other locations.

I will usually stand by all the learners and instructors. They have each individual correct to protest. Nevertheless, you may well have a proper to protest but other folks have a right to carry out their educational programmes and investigation. As extensive as you do not disturb them, do not do anything at all illegal, it is perfectly all proper for you to go on with your protest.


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